wild turtle breeding
Wild turtles Before talking about how to raise wild turtles at home, we will talk about the wild turtles themselves, as wild turtles are spread on all continents of the world except for Australia and Antarctica, and wild turtles live in many different habitats, ranging from deserts to moist tropical forests, as Most species of land turtles feed mainly on plants, but some species feed opportunistically and consume animal materials. species to about a meter, and in the following, we will learn how to breed wild turtles at home
Wild turtles are animals belonging to a family of reptiles, they have feet with toes dedicated to walking on dry land and not swimming in the water, and they have a strong shell that protects them from dangers and predators.
Wild turtles never live in water.
Their only habitat is on land, They are naturally found in all continents of the world except for Australia and Antarctica, and their numbers are abundant on some tropical and relatively isolated islands, such as the Galapagos Islands and Mauritius.
Many species of turtles became extinct, especially on the islands, due to the exposure of their environment to human interference.
About fifty species of land turtles live in the world, the smallest of which are about 10-15 centimeters long, and the largest (the Galapagos tortoise and the Aldabra giant tortoise) may exceed a meter in length.
How to take care of wild turtles
Wild turtles are one of the pets that anyone can raise at home to enjoy and play with. They are peaceful animals; As they do not pose a danger to humans, and are characterized by their long life, and do not cause damage to property or homes as they are quiet and small in size and do not constitute an obstacle.
Despite this, rearing turtles at home requires great care and caution for the sake of the turtles themselves; Turtles are often exposed to serious health problems and die of a short life when acquired by humans as pets, and they are considered sensitive animals to the environmental conditions surrounding them, so raising them in a country or climatic region different from their original environment may put their lives in serious danger, and it may be difficult to maintain health
Lighting and heating for turtles
Turtles need about 14 hours of light and heat per day, if it is not possible to provide them with sunlight, then artificial lights for cages can be used. In the event that it is kept in particularly cold weather or in an unheated house, it may be very important to provide heating for the cage.
What do turtles eat?
What is turtle food?
Wild turtles also need good food, and the details of food and nutrients they need may be very complicated, but the general characteristic that these animals need in their food is that it contains a lot of dietary fiber in exchange for small amounts of proteins, fats and sugars.
This means that you should avoid feeding the turtle any kind of legumes (such as beans, chickpeas and peas), as well as avoid giving it ready-made dog and cat food; It may be very harmful to her health.
The correct food for turtles is green leaves and flowers, as this is their natural food in the wild, and care must be taken not to give them any kind of vegetables, fruits or human food.
Types of wild turtles
Wild turtles are divided into about fifty species, but those that are usually kept as pets are only several types, the most important of which are the following
- The Greek Tortoise: (Latin: Testudo graeca) lives in most parts of the Arab world, and is generally spread on the coasts of the Mediterranean and surrounding countries.
It is about 18 centimeters long, and is found in bushes, farms, and natural forests. This tortoise is a popular pet in animal stores
- Hermann’s tortoise: (Latin: Testudo hermanni) lives in southern Europe, and is one of the most common turtles in pet stores. It reaches a length of about 25 centimeters, and its external body is somewhat similar to a Greek tortoise.
- Tiger tortoise: (Latin: Geochelone pardalis) lives in South Africa and Sudan, and has unique spots on its back that resemble tiger spots to some extent. large size; It may reach half a meter.
- The Russian Tortoise: (Latin: Testudo horsfieldii) is a natural habitat in southern Russia and central Asia, with a length of about 20 centimeters, and is considered suitable for new turtle owners.
Distinguishing between male and female turtle
How to distinguish between male and female tortoise
What is the difference between male and a female tortoise?
Distinguishing between a male tortoise and a female tortoise is generally easy, and a non-expert person can do it with good efficiency.
The differences between male and female turtles may differ slightly between each species of land turtle, so it is advisable to obtain accurate instructions regarding differentiation between the sexes of the desired species and not to be satisfied with general guidelines.
Also, when turtles are small in size, it may not be easy to distinguish their sex, if their length is about 6-7 centimeters, this makes identification more difficult. In general, the two main ways to determine the sex of a turtle are as follows:
- Tail length: The male has a long and thick tail, and its ejection opening is wide and elongated, and the female’s tail is very short, and its ejection opening is more round and narrow.
In general, this trait is very clear in adult wild turtles, but it may not be effective on young or sexually immature turtles, as these have always short tails, whether male or female, and it may not be possible to distinguish between them without an expert.
- Shell shape: It is possible for male turtles – in most cases – to have a concavity that is easy to notice on the lower surface of the shell, as for females, their shells are completely flat from the bottom, and this may be an evolutionary adaptation to help the male female reproductive process.
- Like the previous case, this trait is not evident in young children; The bottom surface of the shell is always flat, regardless of gender.
Disadvantages of turtle farming
A number of American studies confirmed that raising small turtles at home, especially turtles that do not exceed four inches in length; May cause severe damage to humans; Its intestines are high in salmonella bacteria; Which leads to the transmission of these bacteria to the water of the turtle, and to the ocean in which it is located.
Young children are usually curious about identifying anything, or an animal in their ocean; Which may cause them diseases, and there are a number of symptoms that may appear on the individual if he is infected, among them.
- Having severe stomach pain.
- A bout of severe diarrhea.
- Intestinal disease.
- Infection of the individual with a high temperature.
- vomiting bouts
- In the event that the bacteria reaches the blood vessels of the individual; It becomes very dangerous.
What are the diseases that affect turtles?
- eye diseases.
- severe constipation;
- Parasite infestation.
Turtles are very sensitive to the environmental conditions around them; This leads to eye problems, and neglecting to clean the turtle’s place may lead to dryness in the turtle’s eye, and infection with dermatitis in the area surrounding the eye, and this problem can be treated by providing some foods rich in vitamin A such as carrots, alfalfa, as well as spinach.
Not providing a balanced diet to the turtle; so that it contains the fiber component; May cause severe constipation; which hinders it from moving freely; It is possible to get rid of this constipation by offering a diet that contains a high percentage of fiber, while avoiding giving it any canned food for a period of at least 10 days, and if this problem persists, it is advised to consult a veterinarian.
There are two types of parasites that turtles may be infected with.
internal parasites; They are embodied in intestinal worms; Which leads to the turtle having a bout of diarrhea; It results from the turtle eating spoiled or contaminated food, and this problem can be treated by consulting a doctor to prescribe a drug that kills worms, in addition to describing a treatment that cleanses the turtle’s intestines and stomach.
external parasites; It works to suck the blood of the turtle; In this case, surgical intervention is required; Except for the appearance of parasites on the surface; It is disposed of by scattering salt over it.
Turtle diagnosed with diabetes; It requires immediate presentation to the veterinarian; To determine the doses of insulin that the turtle should receive; Especially if the tortoise is in an advanced stage of the disease.
This rot usually appears above the back area of the turtle, i.e.
above the turtle’s shell, where it is represented by a white color in which bacteria collect, and to eliminate this rot, a veterinarian should be consulted; In order to describe the disinfectants that will help get rid of these bacteria.
The life cycle of wild turtles Wild
turtles usually lay their eggs during the night hours, and rarely exceed 20 eggs, and there are many species that lay only one or two eggs, and the average incubation period ranges between 100 to 160 days, and when the mother turtle lays eggs They cover it with sand and organic matter, and when the eggs begin to hatch, the life cycle of the small turtle begins.
During the early stages of its life, it relies on an embryonic egg sac to provide nutrition, and after about three to seven days, these small turtles begin to rely on themselves to move and search for food, And then circles begin to appear on the turtle’s shell to indicate its age, and turtles have a long life compared to all the ages of other animals, it is possible that the age of some species reaches about 150 years, and some of these turtles may even exceed this age
How to raise wild turtles at home
After getting to know the wild turtles and their life cycle, we will talk about how to raise wild turtles at home, as these turtles are among the pets that can be raised indoors, and in the following we will talk about how to raise these turtles inside the house