types of scorpions

 

killer scorpions

Of the 2,000 species of scorpions found on Earth, only 25 possess a potent venom that has the ability to kill humans, and perhaps the most venomous of them is that of North America.

 

scorpion bark

Bark scorpion, the most venomous scorpion in North America and some parts of South America, is usually found in small crevices, tree bark, and wood piles.

  Its bite contains a neurotoxin that causes severe pain similar to electric shocks, resulting in numbness, vomiting, and diarrhoea, which may lead to death if the victim does not receive antivenin quickly, and it is worth noting that no death was recorded due to these Scorpions in America in the last 40 years.

scorpion bark

scorpion bark

Thick-tailed spitting scorpion

  The Spitting Thicktail Black Scorpion, endemic to South Africa, is one of the largest and most deadly scorpions in its region.

They can spit venom up to three feet, and this venom can cause temporary blindness and permanent damage to the eyes, and symptoms of its bite include severe pain, sweating, muscle spasms, and heart palpitations.

Thick-tailed spitting scorpion

Thick-tailed spitting scorpion

Thick-tailed yellow scorpion

  Yellow Fattail Scorpion, This type of scorpion lives in North Africa and Southeast Asia.

 It has one of the most powerful neurotoxins that attack the central nervous system of the victim, and the victim may die within two to seven hours from the time of exposure to the poison.

Thick-tailed yellow scorpion

Thick-tailed yellow scorpion

 Hottentotta Tamulus

  Hottentotta Tamulus, this small scorpion is considered one of the deadliest in the world, endemic to India, Pakistan, and all tropical and subtropical regions, its victims usually suffer from nausea, heart problems, skin discoloration, and in severe cases of pulmonary edema, fluid in the lungs, and its length ranges from Between 40 to 60 mm.

  Its colours range from orange, to brown, to grey, and it is known for its sensitivity to light, and its glow in the dark, and it can stay a whole year without food or drink, and it is common to combat its poison by using blood pressure-lowering drugs.

 Hottentotta Tamulus

Hottentotta Tamulus

 Leiurus quinquestriatus

  Leiurus quinquestriatus, known as the scorpion of death or the chaser of death, is one of the most dangerous species of scorpions in the world. It lives in the Arabian Desert, the Sahara Desert, and Central Asia.

  Its bite may not cause death to healthy adults if it does not cause hypersensitivity, but it is fatal to children, the elderly and those who suffer from chronic or serious diseases, and symptoms of its bite are in the form of an increase in heart rate, high blood pressure, in addition to convulsions that may lead the patient to a complete coma .

 Leiurus quinquestriatus

Leiurus quinquestriatus

Androctonus crassicauda

  Androctonus crassicauda, is considered one of the most poisonous scorpions in the region, and its size is rather large. It lives in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq, Iran, Turkey, and North African countries.

Among the common symptoms of his sting are seizures, high blood pressure, and loss of consciousness, and he is confused with the black-tailed scorpion, but this scorpion is distinguished from it by having larger pincers.

Androctonus crassicauda

Androctonus crassicauda

non-dangerous scorpions

There are many non-dangerous scorpions and they are the most common, compared to other types of scorpions, including:

non-dangerous scorpions

non-dangerous scorpions

emperor scorpion

 The emperor scorpion is one of the largest species of scorpions in the world, and despite its dangerous appearance, its poison is not fatal to humans. 

On the contrary, its poison may have antibacterial properties. 

It lives in West Africa in tropical forests and open savanna, and this species is found under rocks And in burrows.

They are distinguished by their dark blue or glossy black colour, and prey is detected by the sensory hairs that cover the pincers and tail that detect vibrations in the air and on the ground, and some species appear luminous at night with a bluish-green colour, and some people may take this type of scorpion as a pet.

emperor scorpion

emperor scorpion

Tanzanian red claw scorpion

The Tanzanian red-clawed scorpion is one of the most famous species of scorpion, and it belongs to the same genus as the emperor scorpion, but it is smaller and more aggressive, knowing that its venom is light and similar to a bee sting, and what is remarkable is that it has become taken as an animal It is pet and raised by some in glass tanks, and it can live for eight years in captivity.

Tanzanian red claw scorpion

Tanzanian red claw scorpion

malaysian black scorpion

The Malaysian black scorpion, one of the most famous species of rainforest scorpion, is larger than the emperor scorpion and more aggressive than it, and tends to use its claws instead of stinging when threatened, its venom is mild and causes mild pain and local inflammation in most cases.

malaysian black scorpion

malaysian black scorpion

forest scorpion

The Javanese Jungle Scorpion, native to the rainforests of Indonesia, is considered somewhat aggressive, with a needle with a mild, non-lethal venom that is adapted to its powerful claws, which it uses to crush its prey rather than use venom.

forest scorpion

forest scorpion

Desert hairy scorpion

Desert hairy scorpion, also called desert hairy scorpion, found in the southwestern United States, its venom is stronger than that of the emperor scorpion, which makes its sting very painful. 

From coarse sand and fog.

Desert hairy scorpion

Desert hairy scorpion

Large-clawed scorpion

  Large-clawed scorpion is native to North Africa and the Middle East, and is found in deep burrows in wild deserts, and it rarely stings, because these scorpions prefer to use their strong and large claws for self-defence rather than using poison, their venom is somewhat painful, but not fatal .

Scorpio the dictator

  Dictator scorpion is one of the most famous species of scorpion, closely related to the emperor scorpion. It has a large body and strong claws, but tends to be shy rather than aggressive, spending most of its time hiding in burrows.

  Unlike the rest of the scorpions, the dictator scorpion can coexist with other members of its kind, if they are collected for the purpose of breeding, but if several males meet, the matter will end in fighting among them.

 

Asian forest scorpion

  The Asian Forest Scorpion is very similar to the emperor’s scorpion, and they are usually confused, except that it is slightly smaller than the emperor, and it is usually only somewhat aggressive, especially if it feels threatened, but it defends itself with its claws most of the time. 

Time, its sting is as close as possible to the sting of a hornet.

scorpion food

Scorpions feed on various types of small invertebrate animals, and they are considered opportunistic predators; Where it waits for an opportunity to pass by any type of animal that has the ability to prey on it and takes the initiative to attack it.

 The scorpion feeds on small creatures, such as spiders, and on various types of insects, and cockroaches.

It can also feed on other scorpions of its kind, especially if they are smaller and weaker. In very unusual cases, a scorpion can feed on snails or slugs, large crawling animals, such as lizards and snakes, and it can even prey on rodents such as mice.

 

Scorpio adaptation to lack of food

If a scorpion encounters harsh environmental conditions, such as drought or a shortage of available prey, it can reduce its metabolic rate (the amount of energy it uses) to an amazing degree. 

Scorpions can reduce their metabolism by two thirds for certain periods, and this allows them to reduce their oxygen consumption as well, and it may be effective in allowing the scorpion to live on a quantity of food that does not exceed one insect for the entire year.

Although taking advantage of this feature requires the scorpion to reduce its movement and activity, it is still able to recover them very quickly if it sees prey that it can hunt.

information about scorpio

information about scorpio

Scorpion’s style of hunting

 Scorpions live in very diverse environments; They are found in all continents of the world except Antarctica, and in these places they are themselves vulnerable to predation, as they are forced to hide in their burrows or small dens during the day to avoid the surprise of their enemies, and they do not go out to hunt until after the cover of darkness.

Scorpions hunt in different ways; Many species stand near their burrow and wait patiently, their dogs open and their tails high, ready to pounce on anyone who passes by.

 But some scorpions go out to hunt and watch for prey, and some of them may bury themselves under the sand, waiting for a small creature to approach.

 The scorpion has very sensitive hairs, from which it can sense the movements around it, and it allows it to perceive any insect approaching it or flying in the air so that it can capture it with its claws, and then crushes it between its two claws of great force.

 It is necessary to do so, as the production of poison consumes a lot of its energy.

 Smaller, less-lived scorpions tend to use their venomous stings significantly more than older, larger scorpions.

 


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