The most famous types of monkeys

 

Types of monkeys 

Monkeys differ and vary according to their types and types; Some of them are huge and large in size and larger than the size of a human, and some are as small as a domestic cat, but they are very similar in their outward appearance. All monkeys of all kinds live in groups in order to mate and reproduce and to provide protection from the elders of the group to the young ones. see more here www.pets-home.net

Capuchin Monkey.

Capuchin Monkey.

Gorilla monkeys 

Gorillas are the largest and most violent and aggressive of all types of monkeys, as they are known for their famous movement, which is hitting their chest when feeling angry or threatened with danger. Gorillas spread in central and western Africa. 

There are two types of them; Mountain gorillas, and gorillas that live in low-lying areas. Its length ranges between 1.2 – 1.8 m, and the weight of an adult gorilla may reach about 220 kg.

Gorilla monkeys 

Gorilla monkeys

The habitat 

is the main habitat of gorilla monkeys in the tropical forests of Africa near the western lowlands, and near the coast of Cameroon through the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, Angola, and some live in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

 

behavior and nutrition

Gorilla monkeys are characterized by a range of behaviors, the most prominent of which are:

Gorillas live in groups of about 30 individuals, and they have a leader responsible for eating, moving, nesting, and more.

 

  • Gorillas communicate with at least 22 sounds and cries.
  • Gorillas tend to be calm, friendly, and shy, and they don’t show aggression unless they feel threatened.
  • Male gorillas compete through combat, and the male who is defeated has his infant offspring killed.
  • Male gorillas compete through combat, and the male who is defeated has his infant offspring killed.
  • Gorillas live in nests that they build on the ground or in trees using twigs and leaves.

 

Gorillas are herbivores, they feed on plants with stem sap, eating tree leaves, berries, ferns, fibrous bark, buds, roots, wild celery, and some types of fruits.

 

It is the habit of gorillas not to completely strip the land in which they live of its vegetation, in order to allow nature to grow again and the food stock in its living area is replenished.

 

Reproduction

There is no specific season for mating in gorillas, and when the female is vaccinated, her pregnancy period extends to 9 months, and when she gives birth to her young, she breastfeeds him for a period ranging from 3 to 4 years, and the pregnancy of the female gorilla repeats every four years, and usually one dominant male mates in The group is all female in it.

 

The baboon 

 

is one of the types of monkeys of the old world, and it is one of the monkeys with a strong structure and aggressiveness. These monkeys are distinguished by the availability of pockets in their mouths to keep food in, in addition to their long tail and prominent eyebrows. 

The male baboon is distinguished from the female by its double size, in addition to the presence of thick hair prominent in The neck area.

The baboon 

The baboon

Baboons share 91% of their genetic material with humans, and there are five different types of baboons, and their numbers are widely spread, and they are the second most common primate after humans.

Baboons live in the tropics of Asia and Africa, divided into two main sections: Old World monkeys in Asia and Africa, and modern world monkeys in North and Latin America, and the main difference between them is that New World monkeys have long tails that they can use.

 

Presence

 

The habitat of the baboon is confined to central Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Arabian Peninsula. Baboons live in savannahs, grassy plains, and rainforest habitats, as well as in the hills along the Red Sea.

 

behavior and nutrition

 

The behavior of baboons can be described as:

Baboons are social animals that are found in groups of hundreds of members. Individuals protect each other and are led by a dominant male. Baboons play wrestling, chasing, and swinging games together. Baboons prefer to live on the ground, but they use trees as a place to sleep, eat, and watch. 

The baboon depends on its nutrition on plant foods and meat. It eats fruits, seeds, herbs, tree roots, insects, eggs, worms, and small vertebrates. The baboon can also feed on some types of birds, young antelopes, sheep, and some types of mammals. Other.

 

Reproduction 

 

The baboon breeding season is year-round, and males compete for females in the group, and one female may mate with more than one male, and the same is true for the male baboon, and after the female is vaccinated, her pregnancy lasts for about 180 days,and young baboons depend on breastfeeding For a period ranging from 3 to 4 months.

 

The mandrill monkey

is one of the huge monkeys, characterized by its noses protruding outward as the noses of dogs and its red color, as well as its teeth protruding outward, making it look like deadly predators, and it spreads in West Africa, especially in Cameroon, and prefers to eat fruits and insects, some may think that it belongs to a baboon , but it is different.

The mandrill monkey

The mandrill monkey

presence

The original habitat of the mandrill monkey is southwestern Cameroon, as well as in western Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and southwestern Congo. This type of monkey tends to live in tropical rainforests, dense forests and mountains, and dense jungles.

 

behavior and nutrition

The mandrill monkey is characterized by a range of behaviours, including the following:

  • Mandrills spend the day on the ground and climb trees to sleep at night. 
  • The mandrill is a social animal, living in groups of up to 50 individuals. 
  • The group of mandrills is dominated by a male leader, who is usually absent from the group and returns only when there is danger. 
  • The mandrill nods his legs, shoulders, and head as a sign of joy, and yawns as a sign of his inability to do what is required of him.

 

The mandrill monkey feeds on plants such as; Fruits, seeds, fungi, and tree roots. It also eats some types of insects, snails, worms, frogs, lizards, snakes, and small vertebrates,[9] and one of the most prominent features of the mandrill monkey is the presence of bags in their cheeks to store snacks to eat at a later time.

 

The blue monkey 

is a unique species of monkey, an Old World monkey. It is called blue, but it is not completely blue, its color is olive dotted with black and white, and some times of the year it turns to gray to match the surrounding environment.

The blue monkey 

The blue monkey

Presence 

The central, eastern and southern Africa region is the main habitat of the blue monkey, and there are a number of them in the Congo Basin region, and the blue monkey prefers to live in rainforest areas, to obtain water, food, and shelter there

 

Behavior and Nutrition

The behavior of the blue monkey can be described as follows: 

  • The blue monkey is a social animal that lives in groups of 10 to 40 individuals. 
  • Blue monkeys communicate with each other with facial signs and body language.

 

The blue monkey depends for its food on other animals, especially invertebrates that feed on mollusks and worms, and its diet includes plants, especially; Fruit, tree leaves.

 

Reproduction

 

The mating season between blue monkeys extends throughout the year, and mating is repeated annually, in which the female is vaccinated by more than one male, as the female sends signals in the body language of the male as a sign of acceptance of mating, and the pregnancy of the female continues for 5 months, after which she breastfeeds her children for 6 months .

 

macaques

Macaques are one of the most similar monkeys to humans in their outward form, and this type is characterized by the absence of a tail like other monkeys, and macaques are considered one of the most dangerous monkeys for the human race.

Where a bite of it leads to human death immediately, because most of them carry the herpes B virus, and this virus does not cause any harm to the monkeys that carry it, but it is fatal to humans. 

and modern world monkeys in North and Latin America, and the main difference between them is that the New World monkeys have long tails that they can use.

macaques

macaques

presence

Macaque monkeys are found largely in western Afghanistan, and across India to northern Thailand, and they lived in ancient times in southern China and Tibet. 

Weather conditions, and some macaques are found in urban areas in northern India.

 

Behavior and Nutrition 

 

The behavior of macaques is described as follows: 

  • The macaque lives in large, noisy groups of up to 200 individuals. 
  • The males dominate the group but the females lead them, because the males do not maintain contact with their groups.
  • Macaques love to swim in bodies of water. 
  • Macaques are carnivores, they feed on small animals and insects, but their diet also includes many plants such as; Herbs, fruits, and agricultural crops. 

The diet of macaques varies depending on the environment in which they live. Monkeys in northern Pakistan may feed on alfalfa throughout the summer, and eat pine and oak leaves during the snowy winter season.

 

Reproduction The mating seasons of macaques vary according to the environment in which they live. 

If they live in cold regions, the mating season is during the fall, and the gestation period of the female reaches 165 days, after which she gives birth to one newborn and breastfeeds it for a whole year.

 

Japanese macaques 

Japanese macaques live in the mountainous regions of Japan, and these areas are characterized by their snowy weather in winter and hot in summer. And these monkeys get the necessary warmth to ensure their continued survival in the winter from the hot springs located near the Kogen volcano.

It is divided into two main sections: Old World monkeys in Asia and Africa, and modern monkeys in North and Latin America, and the main difference between them is that New World monkeys have long tails that they can use.

Japanese macaques 

Japanese macaques

The Japanese macaques are found on three main islands south of Japan, namely; Honshu Island, Shikoku Island, and Kyushu Island, as can be seen on a few smaller islands, some of which have been transferred to the Texas area, Japanese macaques live in semi-tropical and semi-mountainous forests, and in broad-leaved temperate deciduous forests.Japanese macaques fluctuate in temperature between summer and winter in some areas where they live, with temperatures ranging from -15 to more than 23 degrees Celsius.

 

Behavior and Nutrition 

The Japanese macaques exhibit several behaviors that distinguish them, including the following: 

  • These monkeys live in groups of between 20 to 30 individuals, and they have a male leader.
  • Among the Japanese macaques, support, protection, sharing food, and warning when they sense danger prevail.
  • Females prefer to spend most of the time in trees, while males are on the ground.
  • Japanese macaques communicate with each other using 6 sets of different sounds, which they use for different purposes.
  • Japanese macaques use different facial expressions to communicate such as; Opening mouths to display teeth, raise eyebrows, and more.

 

Japanese macaques eat meat such as; Insects, crabs, in addition to bird eggs during the cold winter months, and they depend heavily on plants for their food, so they eat; Seeds, fruits, nuts, tree stems and fibrous leaves, and the diet of Japanese macaques usually changes from season to season.

 

Reproduction

 

Japanese macaques breed during the mating season, which extends from September to April, and they mate once a year, and both males and females mate with more than one partner, and when the female becomes pregnant, the average pregnancy period lasts for about 171.7 days, after which she gives birth The female newborn and breastfed him for a period ranging from 6 to 30 months

 

The Capuchin monkey

a monkey belonging to the New World monkeys, lives on trees only, is active during the day only, and is considered one of the most intelligent New World monkeys, so it is used a lot in scientific experiments.

 

The capuchin monkeys are the neotropical region of Central America, and they are spread in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, and along the coast of Colombia and Ecuador, and some are found in Argentina and some southern regions.

The Capuchin monkey

The Capuchin monkey

Capuchin monkeys prefer to live in tropical green areas, dry deciduous forests, especially forests in which vegetation cover canopies up to 1100 m high, but they are able to adapt in various environments such as; Wet and dry forests, etc.

 

Behavior and Nutrition 

The Capuchin follows several behaviors that can be monitored, including the following:

  • The Capuchin monkeys live in groups with numbers ranging from 18 to 20 individuals. 
  • The capuchin uses its tail to grab objects and to cling to tree branches. 
  • The capuchin will bark and cough to alert other monkeys to the presence of a predator. 
  • The Capuchin uses its teeth and claws to defend itself. 
  • The food habits of the capuchin monkey vary between plants and meat, as its food consists of 50-80% of fruits, and about 10% of other plants such as nuts, grains, and seeds, as it is able to eat 63 different types of plants, and its diet includes about 30 % Animal foods such as insects, invertebrates, and small vertebrates.

 

reproduction

The breeding season of the Capuchin monkeys is active between January and April, but they are able to mate throughout the year, and the female bears once every two years, and male and female Capuchin monkeys mate with more than one partner. Breastfeed him between 2 to 4 months.

 

The squirrel monkey 

 

is called by this name because of its strong resemblance to the squirrel, and it is part of the New World monkeys, and it is able to adapt greatly to several different environments. Northern and Latin, and the main difference between them is that New World monkeys have long tails that they can use.

 

The squirrel monkeys inhabit the tropical rainforests of the South American continent, especially in the riverside forests in Guyana and the Amazon River Basin. The squirrel monkey is rare in the coastal forests located in southeastern Brazil,

They prefer to live in middle forest levels, and may be present in limited numbers in forests with upper canopies, and in flatlands.

The squirrel monkey 

The squirrel monkey

Behavior and Nutrition 

The behavioral pattern of the squirrel monkey is described as follows: 

  • The squirrel monkey lives in groups of up to 300 individuals, and within each group there are subgroups.
  • Individual groups tend to diverge from one another, meeting only for the purpose of searching for food. 
  • Squirrel monkeys are active around water sources, and during daytime periods.
  • Squirrel monkeys communicate with each other by 26 different sounds such as purring, barking, squawking, screaming, and others.
  • A baby squirrel monkey rides on its mother’s back for an entire year.
  • The squirrel monkey’s diet is fruits, leaves, and seeds, and it also feeds on insects, spiders, and small vertebrates.

 

Reproduction 

The mating season of squirrel monkeys takes place from September and November, when they choose the heavy rainy season so that there is an abundance of water and food, and when the female is fertilized, she becomes pregnant for a period ranging from 160 to 170 days.

 

The golden lion monkey 

 

is a type of newly discovered monkey. It is distinguished by the fact that when exposed to the sun, it becomes golden in color, so it is attractive. It has been used a lot in legends and stories, and its normal color is reddish-orange. Its numbers are greatly decreasing, and it is classified as endangered as a result of human activities represented by felling trees and the trade of rare animals. 

They are small in size but have very long and thin tails.

It is divided into two main sections: 

Old World monkeys in Asia and Africa, and modern world monkeys in North and Latin America, and the main difference between them is that New World monkeys have long tails that they can use.

The golden lion monkey 

The golden lion monkey

The golden lion monkey is the coastal rainforest located in the southeastern region of Brazil, and these monkeys prefer to live in environments with a very humid climate, and in dense forests with abundant vineyards.

 

Behavior and Nutrition 

 

Among the behaviors of the golden lion monkey are the following:

  • The golden lion monkey lives in small groups of no more than 2 to 8 members, and they usually come from one family. 
  • The monkey remains suspended 10 to 30 meters off the ground. 
  • It sleeps in tree holes in order to protect itself from some types of predators. 
  • It performs a number of threatening behaviors such as: 
  • opening the mouth, arching the back, and staring. 

Golden lion monkeys feed mainly on insects, and they use their long and slender fingers to search for insects in tree crevices, and they also eat spiders, snails, eggs, fruits, vegetables, birds and small lizards.

 

reproduction

The golden lion monkey reproduces between the months of September and March, and the reproduction is repeated twice during one year. 

The golden lion monkey takes one partner for mating. The female bears for a period ranging from 130-135 days, and she gives birth to twins from the young, the parents cooperate to take care of them, and the mother breastfeeds them for 90 days.

 

Howler monkeys 

 

are so named because they have the loudest voice among the apes or even among all animals, and they are one of the great New World monkeys. 

It has a long tail that enables it to hunt and catch things, and it can see all colors just like humans. It does not have the agility that other monkeys have.

It is divided into two main sections: 

Old World monkeys in Asia and Africa, and modern world monkeys in North and Latin America, and the main difference between them is that New World monkeys have long tails that they can use.

The golden lion monkey 

The golden lion monkey

Howl monkeys make their home from the rainforests in central South America, they are found in the forests extending across eastern Bolivia, southern Brazil, Paraguay, and northern Argentina, and these monkeys tend to live in semi-deciduous tropical forest environments, in which the percentage of rain is constant All year round.

Howler monkeys are also found in tropical deciduous forests with savanna-like openings, where the climate is variable between wet and warm, dry and cold

 

Behavior and Nutrition 

The howler monkey shows some behaviors in its wildlife, including:

  • Howler monkeys live in large groups, most of which are members of the same family. 
  • All members of one group of howler monkeys shriek each morning to tell other groups nearby where they are staying, as a kind of delineation of their own sites. 

The howler monkey is a plant animal, it feeds mainly on tree leaves, and eats fruits, buds, and flowers, so howler monkeys stay on trees and get their share of water through the food they eat, but in dry seasons they come down to drink water from lakes, They feed on the herbaceous plants found in swamps.

 

Reproduction 

Mating occurs between several females and males of howler monkeys, and the female mates once during the year, during which she carries for up to 12 months, and when she gives birth to her young she works to breastfeed him for a whole year.

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