information about scorpio
The scorpion descends from the arachnid class, and lives in different environments, but it is more common and diverse in arid desert environments, and its colours vary; It is yellow, light brown, and black, in addition, the lifespan of scorpions ranges between 5-25 years.
Scorpio body composition
External body composition
The scorpion is large relative to other arthropods; It reaches an average size of 6 cm.
The tails of scorpions are long and curved, and consist of several parts, and always end with a poisonous needle.
The male scorpion usually has a longer tail compared to the tails of females.
The front of the scorpion is characterised by pliers to catch things.
The scorpion has an exoskeleton made of chitin, which provides support and protection for the scorpion’s body, as well as providing resistance to water loss, which is critical to the survival of spiders in the desert environments in which they often live.
The scorpion has 8 legs, and its body, like the rest of the arachnids, is divided into two parts, and it also has 5 pairs of eyes, however, it cannot see well. As for the scorpions of humid environments or that live in the mountains; Its colours range from dark brown to black.
internal body composition
The belly of the scorpion consists of two parts; One of them is called the mesosome and the other is metasoma.
The mesosome in scorpion contains the genital and sensory organs, as well as the respiratory system in this part.
The metasoma is the tail part, and it contains the anus, and the scorpion has two poisonous glands responsible for producing poison.
home of scorpions
Scorpions live mostly in desert areas, but they adapt to temperate, semi-tropical, and tropical environments as well; Such as: grasslands, savannas, and forests, and their living areas generally extend from the tidal areas of the seas to the snow-covered mountains.
It is noteworthy that some types of scorpions live in certain areas and not others; For example, the South African rock scorpion lives only on rocks.
Several species of scorpions live in caves, and other species on sand, and some species show the ability to adapt in any living area, such as the European Euscorpius carpathicus, which lives on the surface of the earth, in caves, and in tidal areas of the seas.
Scorpions dwell in burrows, natural crevices, rock bottoms, and plant bark, and they are found all over the world except for Greenland and Antarctica.
The scorpion generally reproduces in warm weather seasonally, as the male scorpion searches for his female by tracking her pheromones, and when he finds her, he pounces on her and catches her using his pliers, and begins to dance by moving back and forth, then the mating process occurs, and then the male flees so that the female does not kill him or eat him.
The female can then give birth to many young, and female scorpions generally mate more than once during her life, and there are two types of scorpions that reproduce by parthenogenesis; Without the need for a male or mating at all.
It is called a frog in Arabic, and a young scorpion is born alive without eggs unlike other insects, and the gestation period of a female scorpion usually ranges between two months to 18 months, depending on its species.
The young usually get the full food during pregnancy from the mother and the egg yolk. After birth, the young scorpion settles on the mother’s back for a certain period, and then separates after it falls for the first time. Young children sometimes suffer from the danger of mothers; The mother can feed her young in case of scarcity of food resources.
Scorpion sting and its toxicity
The danger of a scorpion sting and how to deal with it varies, and the most prominent things that a person may suffer when stinging are the following:
- Numbness and severe localised pain.
- blurry vision
- jerky eye movements
- breathing disorder
- Difficulty swallowing.
- muscle twitching
The risk of a scorpion bite is greater if a young child or an elderly person is exposed to it, and generally not all bites lead to death, out of 1500 species, only 30 of them are fatal, but all preventive measures must be taken to prevent the scorpion from reaching the place of residence through Remove piles of rocks, keep the lawn mowed, and close cracks