A pet is an animal that humans keep as a kind of companionship and entertainment, and the history of keeping pets’ dates back to prehistoric times, and it is believed that the dog was the first animal domesticated by humans. The purpose of raising pets varies from person to person. Some raise them only for entertainment and a sense of companionship, and some may raise them for guarding, hunting, grazing and guarding livestock, or for hunting insects and rats, or to enjoy the beauty of the animal, or to involve it in races. The events of history are not without the use of pets as a source of food when other food sources become scarce.


types of pets:

There are many animals that we all know as pets, but this list may include some animals that we may feel surprised when describing them as pets, but we must not forget that there are those who love to own everything that is strange and out of the ordinary, and pets are no exception for For him, some may be tempted to raise tigers, monkeys, or crocodiles, but most of these animals are doomed to death due to the lack of suitable environment and food for them, or they are donated to zoos, and pets can be divided according to the place of their breeding and conservation into:

  • Household pets : They are the animals that are kept inside the house, including cats, dogs, and some types of birds, including canaries, parrots, jaguars, magpies, and others
  • dog


  • Vivarium pets: They are animals that require specific conditions of moisture and heat, including lizards, turtles, frogs, toads, and snakes.
  • Aquarium pets: Including aquarium fish of various types.
  • Cage pets: They are animals that are raised in cages inside or outside the home, but under specific conditions that provide protection for the pet, including: rabbits, guinea pigs, mice, rats, hamsters, and chinchillas.
  • rat


  • Paddock pets: These are animals that are kept in stables outside the home, including horses, donkeys, and mules.
  • horse


Benefits of owning a pet:

  • Helps lower blood pressure.
  • Reduces the level of cortisol, which rises in the blood when exposed to stress.
  • Enhances mood and reduces feelings of loneliness.
  • Reduces the feeling of tension, which can be achieved when watching ornamental fish swimming for example, and some hospitals and homes for the elderly use dogs to relieve anxiety and tension in patients, however some researchers advise to make sure that patients are not exposed to more germs from pets before Allow them to communicate with her.
  • It encourages physical activity, especially when walking dogs.
  • It enhances social skills and the spirit of cooperation and reduces bad behavior among children with hyperactivity and attention deficit, according to a study conducted by researchers to monitor the effect of the presence of dogs in a classroom that includes people with hyperactivity and attention deficit, and another study indicated that children with autism spend several minutes playing with animals It reduced their level of anxiety.
  • It is believed that living in a home that contains pets at an early age leads to a reduction in the chances of developing allergies and asthma, provided that the child is not allergic to this type of animal in the first place.
  • It enhances a sense of responsibility, as a study indicates that a group of adolescents with diabetes who were assigned the tasks of caring for and feeding aquarium fish were more committed than other patients to check their blood glucose level at the specified dates, which is one of the things that must be done to maintain their health.
The dangers of raising pets:

Many people accept pets at home, without knowing that there are many diseases that can be transmitted from the animal to it, or to members of its family, especially children, pregnant women, and those with weak immune systems, so some things must be taken into account. When dealing with animals, such as washing hands after touching them or touching their food and tools, preventing children from kissing them, taking care of their cleanliness constantly, presenting them to the vet periodically, and making sure to give them the necessary vaccinations, thus reducing the risk of diseases that are likely to be transmitted to humans , Such as:

  • The Flu: Flu, including bird flu, can be transmitted from infected cats to humans in rare cases.
  • The Plague: Humans become infected with the plague when they are bitten or scratched by infected dogs and cats. Plague can also be transmitted by inhaling air contaminated with the bacteria that cause the disease.
  • Salmonella: Humans may become infected with salmonella bacteria when touching infected turtles, or touching their tools and cages.
  • Rabies: It is a viral disease that affects the nervous system, and it can be transmitted from cats and dogs to humans.
  • Hantaviruses: They are viruses that are transmitted to humans when breathing air contaminated with the virus (Hantavirus), which is usually transmitted by rodents.
  • Campylobacteriosis or Campylobacter infection: It is a disease that humans contract when they come into contact with the feces of a dog or cat infected with the bacteria Campylobacter.
  • Toxoplasma: a disease that is transmitted to humans upon contact with the feces of cats infected with a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. The parasite causes damage to the brain, eyes and other organs, and it can be transmitted from the pregnant mother to the fetus.
  • Somatosis: It is a disease that people with weakened immune systems develop when they are bitten, scratched, or even licked by cats and dogs infected with the disease-causing bacteria called Capnocytophaga.
  • Cat scratch disease: a disease that affects humans when they are scratched or bitten by a cat infected with the bacteria (Bartonella henselae), and its symptoms are fever, headache, poor appetite, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes, and to avoid infection, it is recommended to wash the place of the bite Cat scratches immediately with soap and water.
  • Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is a disease that is transmitted to humans when they come into contact with the urine of an animal infected with a type of Helicobacter pylori. To avoid infection, pet owners are advised to wash their hands when touching animals, or when touching objects that their urine can reach.
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): It is a type of bacteria that is transmitted from pets to their owners, causing infections in the skin, respiratory system, and urinary tract.



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